عنوان مقاله [English]
This research as relationship the use of punishment and reward practices with boystudents`self-esteem in elementary and middle schools in Aligudarz. For this purpose, a sample of 240 students who were selected by cluster sampling method, has been studied. The main purpose in this study was: to examine relationship used punishment and reward practiceswith students`self-esteem in elementary and middle schools,and the main hypotheses was: Between use of punishment and reward practices with boystudents`self-esteem in elementary and middle schools, there is a significant relationship. The research design was, causal - comparative and to analyse the data and information obtained, Pearson correlation, t-test and Chi-square test was used.The information and data collection instrument used in this study comprised two questionnaires: researcher-developed questhonnire of the use of punishment and reward practices and Alice pope self-esteem questionnaire. The findings of this study showed that: the main research hypothesis wasn`t confirmed. Also hypotheses 3 and 4 research were confirmed and hypotheses 1, 2, 5; 6 and 7 were not confirmed.